EU Presidency = Presidency of the Council of the European Union
The Council of the European Union, together with the European Parliament, is the legislator of the European Union.
The Council is made up of the national government ministers of the 27 European Union member states. Every six months, one of the member states becomes the president of the Council, on a rotating basis. The member state holding the presidency chairs the meetings at the different levels and acts as a neutral broker to reach compromises for decision-making in the Council.
Formal role of Flanders
Flanders will play an important role in the Belgian EU presidency, since the division of powers in Belgium between the federal government and the Regions and Communities (in foro interno, in foro externo) also applies at EU level. Flanders co-determines the positions that Belgium takes in the Council for areas for which it has competence, and Flemish ministers can represent Belgium in Council meetings.
Practical agreements on the adoption of positions and the representation in the EU are laid down in a cooperation agreement between the different authorities in Belgium. More information on the cooperation agreement(opens in new window)
During the EU presidency of 2024, Flanders will represent Belgium as president of the Council of the EU for matters regarding Industry, Youth, Culture, Media and Fisheries. Specifically, this means that Flemish ministers and experts will chair Council meetings on those areas (on behalf of all the EU member states). Moreover, they will represent the Council in the other EU institutions and in multilateral contexts during these six months.
Besides the presidency, Flanders will represent Belgium as spokesperson for matters relating to Internal Market, Public Health, Transport, Education, Sport, Fisheries and Agriculture. Finally, Flanders will fulfil its responsibilities and competences in other areas to its full potential by providing expertise, co-determining positions and organising its own meetings and events, among other things.
Flanders in the EU - the EU in Flanders
Apart from the formal role that Flanders will fulfil, the EU presidency provides an excellent opportunity to highlight Flanders even more within the EU as well as to liven up the EU debate in Flemish society. The Government of Flanders considers innovation, connection and resilience to be the mainstays in this context. Flanders’ plans serve as input into the Belgian programme for the EU presidency.
The EU presidency offers plenty of opportunities for Flanders. Firstly, the EU is the key lever of Flanders’ foreign policy. The EU presidency represents an opportunity to increase this leverage and strengthen Flanders’ international reputation.
Secondly, EU policies have an ever-growing impact on domestic policies. The EU presidency offers a chance to strengthen advocacy of Flanders’ interests within the EU, increase the EU reflex within the Flemish public sector and animate the EU debate in Flemish society.
To deliver that impact, numerous meetings and events will be organised during the EU Presidency around key themes:
- Formal meetings and events during which Flanders assumes the formal role as president and helps achieve progress on current European dossiers
- Informal meetings and events during which Flanders can, on the one hand, promote its assets and expertise internationally and, on the other, put certain themes and policy issues on the European map that are important for Flanders and generate clear added value for the EU and Flanders.
On Saturday 6 January 2024, Mechelen will officially kick off the EU presidency of Flanders with an opening event for the general public.