You must hold an EPC for all separate housing units you want to sell or rent which can function autonomously. To be considered as autonomous, a housing unit must be equipped with its own toilet, shower (or bath) and kitchen (or kitchenette). Autonomous housing units include:
- a house
- an apartment
- a studio
- a social housing
- a service flat (except when a daily price is asked instead of taking out a lease)
- A holiday home, a chalet
For an overview of all homes for which an EPC is required ((opens in new window)), please check energiesparen.be website (in Dutch only).
The seller or landlord of an habitation must be able to produce an EPC when he puts it up for sale or for rent (e.g. on a website, in a regional newspaper, a notary's newspaper, via a broker, etc.).
Only accredited energy assessors of the Flemish authorities catalogued in the list of type A energy experts ((opens in new window)) are entitled to issue an EPC. The issue of an EPC approximately takes half a day.
The seller or landlord must present the EPC to any (potential) buyers or tenants.
- When selling the habitation, the seller hands the original EPC over to the buyer.
- When renting the habitation, the owner hands a copy of the EPC to the tenant.
An EPC remains valid for 10 years. No new EPC is required if the existing one is still valid when the home is resold or rented out to another tenant. If the home has become more energy-efficient before the expiration of an EPC, a new EPC may be produced.
The cost price of an EPC is not fixed. The price depends on the complexity of the building and on the travel expenses of the energy expert. You should compare the price and quality of different energy experts ((opens in new window)). The seller or tenant are not allowed to include the cost price of the EPC in their tax form.