A soil certificate is a form that indicates whether a piece of land is polluted or not. It is delivered by the Openbare Vlaamse Afvalstoffenmaatschappij (OVAM) (Public Waste Agency of Flanders). You are required to ask a soil certificate when the owner of a piece of land changes.
- If a piece of land has not been included in the OVAM register, a blank soil certificate is delivered. This means that OVAM does not have any relevant data regarding this piece of land.
- If your piece of land has been included in the register, you must first have an orienting soil investigation carried out, before you can transfer the piece of land. This means that a risk land is involved on which risk activities are/have been performed that can possibly cause soil pollution.
A soil certificate is required for every transfer of a piece of land (built and unbuilt). Thus, you need a soil certificate when you:
- or donate a piece of land.
The person transferring the piece of land must provide the soil certificate. The certificate must be submitted before the signing of the preliminary sales agreement.
For the transfer of e.g. a flat, a soil certificate is required as well. It is not required for a piece of land that is acquired by inheritance.
You can download a request form for a soil certificate on the website. OVAM will provide the certificate within 30 calendar days of your request.
Your soil certificate remains valid as long as nothing changes. If soil pollution does occur in the future or when the surface area or the use of the parcel changes, you must ask a new soil certificate.