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Feral American mink Neogale vison continues to expand its European range: time to harmonise population monitoring and coordinate control

The American mink Neogale vison is an invasive alien species in Europe that threatens endemic biodiversity and can transmit zoonotic diseases, including the SARS-CoV-2 virus. The last attempt to map the geographic range of this species in Europe, at continental scale, dates back to 2007. We aimed to update the distribution map of the feral American mink and assess its temporal trends. The information we collected was critically analysed with the aim of improving future monitoring protocols and data collection. We gathered and standardised data from 34 databases, covering 32 countries. Through 3 five-year periods from 2007 to 2021, changes in range size, hunting bags and capture statistics were analysed. We also reviewed the current situation of mink farming in the different European countries and recorded population control schemes. The American mink is now widespread in the Baltic States, France, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, Poland, Scandinavia, Spain and the UK. The species is reported to be absent in some areas (e.g. parts of the UK, Iceland and Norway). Data are deficient for several countries, mainly in south-eastern Europe. These findings indicate that, during the last 15 years, the species has continued to spread across the continent, increasing its potential extent of occurrence in most countries. Our effort to collect and harmonise data across international borders highlighted information gaps and heterogeneity in data quality. Updated distribution data on the species provided here will aid risk assessment and risk management policies. These actions require a coordinated effort for population monitoring at continental level. Monitoring effort and data collection should be intensified in south-eastern Europe to improve data on the current distribution of this invasive species.


Number of pages 19
Volume n/a
Magazine issue n/a
Type A1: Web of Science-article
Category Research
Magazine Mammal Review
Language English

@book{efadb72f-344e-450d-81b9-023ef49756d1, title = "Feral American mink Neogale vison continues to expand its European range: time to harmonise population monitoring and coordinate control", author = "Rachele Vada and Sonia Illanas and Pelayo Acevedo and Tim Adriaens and Marco Apollonio and Olgirda Belova and Jose Antonio Blanco-Aguiar and Sándor Csányi and Guillaume Body and Isabel G. Fernández-De-Mera and Ezio Ferroglio and Patrick A. Jansen and Jonathan M. Jeschke and Oliver Keuling and Santiago Palazón and Kamila Plis and Tomasz Podgórski and Fiona Rickowski and Massimo Scandura and Vasilij Shakun and Graham C. Smith and Philip A. Stephens and Koen Van Den Berge and Rauno Veeroja and Stefania Zanet and Ilgvars Zihmanis and Joaquin Vicente", year = "2023", doi = "", language = "English", series = "", publisher = "", number = "n/a", address = "België", }


Rachele Vada
Sonia Illanas
Pelayo Acevedo
Tim Adriaens
Marco Apollonio
Olgirda Belova
Jose Antonio Blanco-Aguiar
Sándor Csányi
Guillaume Body
Isabel G. Fernández-De-Mera
Ezio Ferroglio
Patrick A. Jansen
Jonathan M. Jeschke
Oliver Keuling
Santiago Palazón
Kamila Plis
Tomasz Podgórski
Fiona Rickowski
Massimo Scandura
Vasilij Shakun
Graham C. Smith
Philip A. Stephens
Koen Van Den Berge
Rauno Veeroja
Stefania Zanet
Ilgvars Zihmanis
Joaquin Vicente